MG Cullen A.
Cullen Andrews Battle was born in Powelton, Ga. on June 1, 1829, but removed
with his parents to Irwinton, Ala., in 1836. After graduation from the University
of Alabama, he read law with his brother-in-law, John
Gill Shorter. In 1851he married Georgia Florida
Williams of La Grange, Ga. Beginning the practice of law at Tuskegee in 1852, he
became active in politics, serving as a presidential elector and delivering many
political addresses throughout the country.
his state seceded from the Union in 1861, he raised a company of volunteers at
Tuskegee and joined the Third
Alabama Regiment, of which Tennant
Lomax became colonel and Battle lieutenant colonel. At
Boonsboro, Md., he was wounded, and at Fredericksburg he was injured when his
horse fell on him. He was on the command staff at Chancellorsville. For
conspicuous gallantry at Gettysburg,
he was promoted to brigadier general. In many other campaigns and battles he
played a leading role. At Cedar Creek, Va., he was wounded and permanently
disabled. On 19 Oct. 1864 he was commissioned major general, but because of his
wounds he was never active in this rank.
the last part of the war, Battle appeared before each regiment of his brigade,
appealing to the men to reenlist unconditionally for the remainder of the
conflict. His soldiers were the first to do so, and he was warmly praised by his
superior officers and by the Confederate Congress.
the war, Battle resumed his law practice at Tuskegee. He was elected to
Congress, but Republicans refused to seat him or other Southern Democrats
disfranchised for their parts in the Civil
War. When his son, Henry Wilson, was pastor of the
First Baptist Church at New Bern, from January 1888 to December 1890, Battle
moved there and was warmly welcomed by numerous former war comrades from Craven and
for a short time edited the New Bern Journal.
Without soliciting the office or even receiving advance notice, he was elected
mayor by New Bern councilmen on 8 May 1890; he served in that office with great
honor and distinction. His address on Confederate Memorial Day, 10 May 1890, is
regarded as one of the most eloquent speeches ever heard in the town, and
occasionally he spoke at other North Carolina cities.
died in Greensboro while
his son was the Baptist pastor there and was buried at Petersburg, Va. In
addition to his son, Battle was also survived by a daughter, Jennie. A grandson,
John, born while the Reverend Henry Wilson Battle and his wife (formerly a Miss
Stewart from Clinton) lived in New Bern, became governor of Virginia.
temporary army camp for guard duty along the North Carolina coast was opened in
January 1942, during World
War II, at Glenburnie
Park, two miles up the Neuse
River from New Bern. Lieutenant Colonel Wilson H.
Stephenson, the second commanding officer, named it Camp Battle for General
Battle, with the assertion that the designation was doubly appropriate for a
modern war post, although he hoped that it would always be called Camp Battle
and never Battle Camp.
He died on April 8, 1905 and is buried in